It has been widely reported that the EU is working together in the fight against COVID-19. In an interview with the BBC, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said the European Union faced the challenge of its biggest test since World War II, adding that the EU risked failing as a project in the coronavirus crisis. However, on 10 April 2020, the EU managed to announce a 500 billion euro bailout package for member states after bitter coordination talks in Brussels. The INTER-Japan partnership, reinforced by the implementation of two flagship agreements, the EPA and the Strategic Partnership Agreement (EPA), also faces its first challenge as the partnership is being tested in the context of this unprecedented global crisis of the coronavirus pandemic. Indeed, it is unlikely that a partnership agreement will cover all issues that might arise in the context of a partnership activity and which, if any, will have to be supplemented by a statute or jurisprudence [note 4]. The EU is constantly making efforts to maintain its principles of democracy, rules-based, freedom and shared economic prosperity within its own borders, all the more so as more and more members undermine these principles by adopting differing interpretations of national governance priorities. It could be said that the decline in US interest in Europe and the Chinese expansion by the Belt and Road initiative or the framework for cooperation between China and Central and Eastern Europe (17-1) has led the EU to seek such cooperation with Japan as a kind of counterweight. The EU-Japan GSB focuses on “values” and “principles,” not just the economic synergies or industrial dependencies usually seen in other similar documents. This implies the desire of the parties to see partnership as a new dependence on soft power that has lasted for many decades. In July 2018, Japan and the EU signed both the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) and the Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA). Both agreements have been described as the formal beginning of a new era of enhanced cooperation and global leadership between the two normative powers. To understand the importance of this cooperation, the ISDP asked three authors to discuss the effectiveness of the two agreements so far and what we can expect from the strengthened partnership, especially at a time when the world is facing a global pandemic and an impending economic recession.
The EU and Japan disagree that the world faces challenges that threaten to jeopardize a rules-based international order focused on democracy and freedom. The agreement aims to create a legal basis for joint action to address global challenges as like-minded partners. The new partnership is also in line with each party`s national agenda. Since 2016, under the leadership of Prime Minister Abe, Japan has set itself the goal of developing a free and open Indo-Pacific region by guaranteeing a rules-based international order to promote peace, stability and prosperity for every country in the region. The partnership agreement must be supported by the review of partners to ensure its effectiveness. This may be capital (see item 53.30), skill [note 10] or debt [Note 11]. Axel, Berg-Cobb`s partnership agreement provides for the year-end allocation of net profit in the following order: despite skepticism about the agreement, there are signs that the results are beyond pure rhetoric. This is called the partnership for sustainable connectivity and quality infrastructure between Japan and the European Union.
This document on the connectivity partnership was signed between the EU and Japan at the EU-Asia Connectivity Forum in Brussels on 27 September 2019.