Deposits are traditionally used as a form of secured loan and have been treated as such tax-wise. However, modern repurchase agreements often allow the lender to sell the collateral provided as collateral and replace an identical guarantee when buying back.  In this way, the lender will act as a borrower of securities, and the repurchase agreement can be used to take a short position in the guarantee, as could a securities loan be used.  Robin. “What are the near and far legs in a buyout contract?” Access on August 14, 2020. The parts of the repurchase and reverse-repurchase agreement are defined and agreed upon at the beginning of the agreement. The parties agree to cancel the transaction, usually the next day. This transaction is called a reverse repurchase agreement. A pension contract, also known as a pension loan, is an instrument for borrowing short-term funds.
With a pension transaction, financial institutions essentially sell someone else`s securities, usually a government, in a night transaction and agree to buy them back later at a higher price. The guarantee serves as a guarantee to the buyer until the seller can repay the buyer and the buyer receives interest in return. Since the advent of COVID-19, the Fed has significantly increased the volume of its repo operations in order to bring money to money markets. The Fed facility provides primary traders with liquidity in exchange for cash and other government-guaranteed securities. Before the coronavirus turmoil was put on the market, the Fed offered $100 billion in overnight pension and $20 billion in two-week repo. On March 9, the company was launched with a deposit of $175 billion over two weeks and $45 billion in two weeks of repo. On March 12, the Fed announced a huge expansion. It is now on a weekly basis offering much longer terms: $500 billion for a pension month and $500 billion for three months. On March 17, at least for a period, it also greatly increased the night pension offered. The Fed said the liquidity transactions were aimed at “addressing very unusual disruptions in financial treasury markets related to the emergence of coronavirus.” In short, the Fed is now ready to lend the markets an essentially unlimited money supply, and the reception has fallen well below the amounts offered. With respect to securities lending, it is used to temporarily obtain the guarantee for other purposes, for example.
B for short position hedging or for use in complex financial structures. Securities are generally borrowed for a royalty, and securities borrowing transactions are subject to other types of legal agreements than deposits. The repurchase agreements authorize the sale of a security to another party with the promise that it will be repurchased at a higher price at a later date. The buyer also earns interest. Despite the similarities with secured loans, deposits are actual purchases. However, since the purchaser only temporarily owns the guarantee, these agreements are often considered loans for tax and accounting purposes. In the event of bankruptcy, pension investors can, in most cases, sell their assets. This is another difference between pension credits and secured loans; For most secured loans, bankrupt investors would automatically go bankrupt.
Despite regulatory changes over the past decade, systemic risks remain for the repo space.