The Helderberg is a small area of the Cape Town metropolitan area and lies at the northeast corner of False Bay. It consists of Somerset West, beach, Gordons Bay and a few other suburbs that were once towns in the Helderberg district. The district took its name from the imposing Helderberg, which reaches a height of 1,137 meters (3,730 feet) In 1977, delegates adopted the first international treaty on the safety of fishing vessels in Torremolinos, with a follow-up protocol adopted in 1993. This agreement has not entered into force. IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim said that more than 40 years later, the world has returned to Torremolinos to work on the implementation of the agreement. Lim welcomed the “broader consensus of the 2019 conference on the urgency of the entry into force of the Cape Town Agreement” and stressed that it would be “a significant contribution to the long-term sustainability of the fishing industry”. He called for the agreement to enter into force as soon as possible. In recent years, the city has faced problems such as drugs, an increase in drug-related crime and, more recently, gang violence. In Cape Flats, about 100,000 people live in more than 130 different gangs in 2018. While there are some alliances, this multiplicity and division is also at the root of conflicts between groups.  At the same time, the economy has grown due to the boom in tourism and real estate.
 With a Gini coefficient of 0.58, Cape Town had the lowest inequality rate in South Africa in 2012.  Between 2015 and 2018, a severe water shortage occurred in Cape Town, resulting in temporary but widespread water rationing. Since July 2019, widespread violent crime in poorer, gang-dominated areas of Greater Cape Town has led to a continued military presence in these neighbourhoods.   Between April 2018 and March 2019, Cape Town had the highest homicide rate among major South African cities, with 3157 murders mostly in poor townships created under the apartheid regime.  India has taken a step forward in the implementation of the 2001 Cape Town Convention. India was a signatory to the agreement and had ratified the convention in 2008. However, regulatory obstacles had so far halted the implementation of the Cape Town Convention, which has raised some concerns on the part of leasing companies, particularly on the basis of previous experience. . .